Types of Hair Loss

Genetic Hair Loss (Androgenetic Alopecia/Female Pattern Hair Loss), Telogen Effluvium, Alopecia Areata/Totalis/Universalis, Trichotillomania, Traction Alopecia and Cicatricial Alopecia.

The different types of hair loss and hair growth disorders can often be difficult to distinguish for a sufferer and sometimes even for a healthcare or industry professional (doctor, pharmacist, hair professional or other).

Common Types of Hair Loss

Genetic Hair Loss (Androgenetic Alopecia / Female Pattern Hair Loss)
Genetic Hair Loss (Androgenetic Alopecia / Female Pattern Hair Loss)
This is considered to be the most common cause of hair loss. The development of Androgenic Alopecia is associated with the shortening of the Anagen (Growth) Phase of the Hair Growth Cycle and consequently with an increase in the proportion of Telogen (resting) hairs.

Proteoglycan Follicular Atrophy can lead to a reduction in the size of the affected follicles, which results in a reduction in the diameter of the hairs they produce. This is an essential feature of this type of hair loss, which accounts for the thinning of the hair and the widening of the partings.

Female Pattern Hair Loss affects over 30% of women. The hair loss is typically diffuse (evenly spread over the scalp) and affects the frontal and vertex (crown) areas with similar severity. This sometimes creates what is referred to as a ‘Christmas Tree’ pattern. Often a band of slightly denser hair is retained along the frontal hairline. Also, women can exhibit a normal amount of hair in the front area of their scalp which gradually thins out as you look further back near their crown.

Telogen Effluvium
Telogen Effluvium
This condition occurs mainly in women and is usually caused by a disturbance to the Hair Growth Cycle (Proteoglycan Follicular Atrophy) causing the Anagen (growing) hairs to prematurely enter the Telogen (Resting) Phase.

Telogen Effluvium (TE) usually presents itself by excessive shedding (also called acute TE). However, it can also manifest itself with a normal amount of hair loss leading to gradual thinning (also called chronic TE).

It is therefore essential for anyone experiencing even the first onset of hair loss symptoms to use a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy as an immediate and baseline treatment. This restores the balance in the levels of proteoglycans needed to help normalise the Hair Growth Cycle and restore healthy hair growth.

Alopecia Areata / Totalis / Universalis
Alopecia Areata / Totalis / Universalis
Alopecia Areata is characterised by patchy scalp hair loss which occasionally affects every hair follicle on the scalp (Alopecia Totalis) or body (Alopecia Universalis). The condition usually occurs between the ages of adolescence and 30 years, but can appear at any age affecting both sexes equally.

Alopecia Areata has a rapid onset but tends to spontaneously reverse especially if the Hair Growth Cycle is normalised by replenishing proteoglycans that may have wasted away.

It is therefore essential for anyone experiencing even the first onset of hair loss symptoms to use a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy as an immediate and baseline treatment. This restores the balance in the levels of proteoglycans needed to help normalise the Hair Growth Cycle and restore healthy hair growth.

Traction Alopecia
Traction Alopecia
Traction Alopecia, or cosmetic “stress” hair loss, is the weakening and breakage of hair along its shaft. This can lead to a multitude of hair fibre problems such as breakage, knotting, splitting and dullness.

Supporting the normal Hair Growth Cycle to produce new, healthy hair growth is critical.

It is therefore essential for anyone experiencing even the first onset of hair loss symptoms to use a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy as an immediate and baseline treatment. This restores the balance in the levels of proteoglycans needed to help normalise the Hair Growth Cycle and restore healthy hair growth.

Trichotillomania
Trichotillomania
Trichotillomania is the loss or damage to scalp hair through repeated pulling or twisting due to irresistible obsessive-compulsive impulses. Trichotillomania is more common among children than adults and occurs more than twice as frequently in women than in men.

The clinical feature of Trichotillomania is plucked or broken hair in patches from the side of the scalp favouring the dominant hand. Occasionally, the entire scalp is affected. In rare cases, other body sites are involved.

Once the obsessive-compulsive impulses are under control, it is important to support the Hair Growth Cycle to produce new, healthy hair growth.

It is therefore essential for anyone experiencing even the first onset of hair loss symptoms to use a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy as an immediate and baseline treatment. This restores the balance in the levels of proteoglycans needed to help normalise the Hair Growth Cycle and restore healthy hair growth.

Cicatricial Alopecia
Cicatricial Alopecia
Cicatricial Alopecia, or scarring hair loss, is the generic term applied to ‘Alopecia’ that accompanies or follows the destruction of hair follicles and the normal healthy Hair Growth Cycle whether by disease affecting the follicles themselves (primary Cicatricial Alopecia), or by some indirect process external to them (secondary Cicatricial Alopecia).

The skin often has a translucent or de-pigmented look which at times can be accompanied by inflammation; and the hair loss can be patchy or diffuse.

It is therefore essential for anyone experiencing even the first onset of hair loss symptoms to use a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy as an immediate and baseline treatment. This restores the balance in the levels of proteoglycans needed to help normalise the Hair Growth Cycle and restore healthy hair growth.

Hair Loss Facts

There are many different types and causes of hair loss. However, the specific types and causes related to your individual situation are often difficult to pinpoint without professional counsel.

It is important to always be aware that no matter the hair loss cause or type, the Hair Growth Cycle is always negatively affected and often an underlying Proteoglycan Follicular Atrophy can be present.

Therefore, knowledge about normalising the Hair Growth Cycle, Proteoglycan Follicular Atrophy and ultimately Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy is vital for a successful outcome of any treatment approach.

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